Community Driven Infrastructure
- Wireless data, VoIP and FM radio broadcasting
This website contains the surveys and studies prepared for the Making ICT work for the poor project. The project is supported by the United Nation Development Programme and among other things explores the potential of community-driven infrastructure.
The Site Survey reports summarize the findings of the field studies conducted by local teams in Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya and Rwanda. The surveys assess the viability of deployment of four wireless community networks in Mbale (Uganda), Tabaka (Kenya), Bugabo (Tanzania) and Nyamata (Rwanda). All the reports include radio simulations and a proposed topology for the network infrastructure.
Four separated technical studies are included as separate documents, the first technical report has gathered information about the status of terrestrial wireless solutions in East Africa. The report titled Terrestrial Wireless Connectivity - Technical Alternatives in East Africa covers the status and suitability (including recommendations) of technologies as: WiFi, WiMAX, CDMA2000, GPRS/EDGE and CDMA-based solutions as Navini, IPWireless and iBurst.
The second technical study focuses on the inclusion of VoIP in community driven networks. Technical alternatives based on wireless handsets using both WiFi and/or DECT are part of the document Community Driven VoIP - Technical Alternatives
The document titled Community Driven Broadcast Radios briefly assess the possibility of sharing data wireless infrastructure with FM radio broadcasting. The document includes a collection of equipment specification to better simulate the coverage of FM radio stations in a rural setup in a developing region
The fourth document is a collection of prices for the different sub-components of a community driven VoIP wireless network. This Appendix aims to serve as a reference for those that want to have a first estimate of the costs of the equipment involved in the different solutions presented in the Site Surveys.
We want to acknowledge all the people that have contributed and provided information, feedback and ideas to this work:
Respickius Casmir, Isaac Kasana, Paul Barera, Albert Nsengiyumva, Frank Kitumba and Nelson Tashobya.
Special thanks to Seán Ó Siochrú (coordinator of the Making ICT work for the poor Project) and Radhika Lal (UNDP) for their support and engagement in this initiative.
All the documents are licenced under Creative Commons Sweden, Non Commercial Attribution Share-Alike 2.5.
- Tabaka - Kenya (PDF) 3.9 M
- Nyamata - Rwanda (PDF) 2.3 M
- Bugabo - Tanzania (PDF) 2.9 M
- Mbale - Uganda (PDF) 2.9 M
- Terrestrial Wireless Alternatives in East Africa - Technical Review (PDF)
- Community Driven VoIP - Technical Alternatives (PDF)
- Community Driven Broadcast Radios - Simulation and Infrastructure Costs (PDF)
- Appendix - Budgeting of hardware subcomponents (PDF)